About your Search

20120930
20121008
STATION
MSNBC 19
MSNBCW 19
CNN 14
CNNW 14
CSPAN2 8
KGO (ABC) 8
WJLA (ABC) 8
CSPAN 6
WMAR (ABC) 6
WETA 5
WRC (NBC) 5
WUSA (CBS) 5
KNTV (NBC) 4
( more )
LANGUAGE
English 172
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 172 (some duplicates have been removed)
[ ♪ theme ♪ ] [ ♪ theme ♪ ] >> john: good morning. this is the "bill press show." i'm john fuglesang filling in for bill with you until 9:00 a.m. eastern time. it is a pleasure to be here in bill's seat. he will be back tomorrow. for today, there's so much to talk about from last night's debate between scott walker and elizabeth -- scott brown and elizabeth warren. it is a little early. and the winner has already pronounced to be david gregory. mitt romney's trash collector is talking. paul ryan has a hard time doing his math homework and best of all, a man with a doubly phallic name has endorsed governor romney. first, here's lisa. >> good morning everyone. it's not about whether you win or lose. it's how you play the game unless you're running for president then it is about winning but not according to mitt romney. in his version of reality where the polls are made up and the results don't matter he says the debates are about something bigger than winning. they're a chance for each candidate to p
our nation's capital. i'm john fugelsang filling in today and i'm delighted to be here with you. this is october 1 the birthday of mark mcguire and 88th 88th birthday of former president jimmy carter. it's cold in our nation's capitol but we are very pleads to be talking with you about the issues that matter most. please feel free to call us. >> good morning everyone. both candidates are gearing up for the first presidential debate. president obama will stay in nevada for the next few days to wrap up final preparations. he campaigned in las vegas last night to a group of 11,000 supporters and in an effort to manage his expectations said he's just an okay debater. >> i know folks in the media are speculating already on who's going to have the best zingers. >> you will. >> i don't know about that. president romney is a good debater. >> that is in response to reports that romney is prepping and plans on taking jabs at the president. obama spokeswoman is saying don't expect the president to fire any blows and he looks forward to continuing his conversation with the american people.
that is not enough. >> stephanie: oh, okay. because john sununu said he is lazy and stupid. romney walked back his own tax plan telling president obama and the american people he would not support a plan that cut taxes on the wealthy and raise taxes on the middle class -- that is mathematically impossible. as i read the actual -- like thing romney said, he basically just said huh-uh because i say so. >> wow. >> stephanie: he said so there's no economist that says the plan adds $5 trillion if i say it won't. [ applause ] >> stephanie: all right. wow. okay. so and as i was always saying i thought axelrod said it right. he said the strategy was effective in the short-term vulnerable in the long term. romney gave a good performance, the problem is none of it was rooted in fact. he told the debate medicare is -- mr. etch-a-sketch said that was wrong. the romney camp had to send someone in the spin room right after the debate to say, well he can't really do that. as for taxed obama appeared to be caught off guard by the statement that his plan wouldn't increase taxes. much of romney'
! there is only the america that can't. believe how bad this guy did in the debate. >> john stewart's postmortem of president obama's performance at the denver debate. that clip and a check on weather when "way too early" comes right back. >>> i have as much experience in the congress as jack kennedy did when he sought the presidency. >> senator, i served with jack kennedy. i knew jack kennedy. jack kennedy was a friend of mine. senator, you're no jack kennedy. [ mother ] you can't leave the table till you finish your vegetables. [ clock ticking ] [ male announcer ] there's a better way... v8 v-fusion. vegetable nutrition they need, fruit taste they love. could've had a v8... >>> 5:45 in the morning as we look at a beautiful live picture of new york city from the top of our building looking south. now we're looking east. first south then east. bill karins with a look at the first. >> today's a sad day. last day for our jean shorts and tank tops. >> i never say that. >> you keep them out all year? >> indian summer is a great time for jean shorts. >> yes, they are. good morning, everyone. if you'r
and managing edter of post politics.com and ruth marcus and politico editor in chief, john harris. chris, first to you. your scoring of the debate and what you think the president's strategy was or wasn't going in. >> i don't know what his strategy was, but whatever it was, it wasn't particularly good, andrea. you know, the thing that i was struck by the whole time is optics matter. this is television. how you look, how you present yourself matters. barack obama, honestly, kind of looked like he would have rather have been almost anywhere but there. he looked tired. he looked kind of grim and dower to theic tent he had expression, expressed himself a smirk directed at something that mitt romney said. i don't know if there's any one reason why he wasn't himself, but he very clearly, he certainly wasn't the barack obama of 2008 in terms of the campaign. but he wasn't the barack obama we've got tonight know over the last four years who is a realist about the challenges facing the country, but he's not a pessimist about those challenges. struck me last night, he might have not been pessimistic in t
. >> and john travolta and olivia newton john are swinging together for the first time in 35 years. they are putting out a charity holiday music album titled "this christmas". there are also other guest artists appearing on the album including kenny g. >> that is a who's who of musics will never listen to ever. >> john and olivia do the hits. >> you got it. >> holy cow do i not want to hear that. [ laughter ] >> could turn into a vegas show you never know. >> you never know. thanks dan. go to 866-55-press 866-557-7377. you may have heard yesterday there was a story, peter -- yesterday there was a story. >> yes. >> this story about a former governor a former chief of staff to a former president john sununu has some amazing things to say about the president. >> what people saw last night we saw a president that revealed his incompetence, how lazy and detached he is and he has absolutely no idea how serious the problems of america is. >> he called the president lazy and detached. andrea mitchell tried to give him a way out. >> did you really mean to call barack obama
the debates. did he end up being president? no, he did not. >> john kerry. >> john kerry won the debates. he also did not end up being president. >> yeah, but, karen, i think what's different this time around is the absolute falsification that took place last night. it was breath-taking. it was almost -- well, it was shakespearean in terms of its performance. >> and you know what, martin, to that point, i think part of whether where i'd like to see the obama folks take this message is, we have already had a president who is very comfortable, and a vice president by the way, looking us straight in the eye and lying to us and sending men and women to war. do we want to have another president who can stand on the stage for 90 minutes and lie to the american people? i don't think that's what we want. i think that's dangerous for this country. i think they're really going to have to go hard at that. unfortunately, not a lot of people are reading the fact checks, right? we all know and a lot of the mi knew sha of the facts and where he was wrong and wasn't wrong, i don't know how much people are p
ahead on "starting point." we'll be talking live with john mccain of arizona and rand paul of kentucky. from team obama, we'll be speaking with martin o'malley and campaign spokeswoman, jen psaki. plus, obama's former economic adviser, austan goolsbee. first, though, a look at the instant reaction from the debate in the cnn/orc poll, of debate watchers taken right after the debate, 67% say they think romney won. 25% only thought the president won. cnn's dana bash joins us this morning to go over some of the hits and some of the misses. good morning. >> good morning. well, i'm here in new york, so maybe we should talk about what happens, how you get to carnegie hall, practice, practice, practice. and is that clearly is what helped the mitt romney. he spent a lot of time practicing, really for the past month doing these mock debates. and when it comes to the president, he was rusty. right out of the gate, it was clear. mitt romney came to play. >> the president has a view very similar to the view he had when he ran four years ago. that a bigger government, spending more, taxing more, reg
republican senator john mccain, and then the risk of being the frontrunner with obama's senior advisor david axelrod. plus, polls, ads, and early voting. with republican strategist alex castellanos, and cinderella and congressional correspondent dana bash. i'm candy crowley. this is "state of the union." >>> it would not be debate season if the political world and the campaigns didn't play the expectations game. >> the president is obviously a very eloquent, gifted speaker. he will do just fine. >> the president's campaign manager jim mecina called romney a very skilled debater and in an open memo to interested parties, senior advisor david axelroad just as he was in the primaries, we expect mitt romney to be a prepared, disciplined, and aggressive debater. joining me now is someone who knows a thing or two about expectations and debates, republican senator john mccain. a little trip down memory lane there. >> i think both candidates are well prepared, and understandably, you'll see their sur gats lowering expectations. i don't know how our guy will compete, and that's part of the whole rout
and on current tv, this is the "bill press show." >> bill: karl rove accuses commerce secretary john bryson >> bill: 32 days in this presidential election. the first presidential debate is over. did it change anything? what do you say? hello, everybody. great to see you today. here we go. on a big thursday. thursday october 4. the morning after. and the post-debate goes on. we'll be into it for the next three hours here on the "full court press" coming to you live from our nation's capital and booming out to you on your local progressive talk radio station on sirius x.m. this hour only and on current tv, of course. good to have you with us, watching. good to have you with us, listening. good to have you with us, period. thank you for being part of the "full court press." i'm bill press liberal and proud of it. up late last night as all of you were watching the debate i'm sure. and good to be back with you this post-debate day, taking a little time out from maybe an undeserved vacation but i do want to say thank you
authors. this week, legal journalist john jenkins and his in his book, "the partistan" the life of william rehnquist. in it the publisher "cq" press details the early career and a 33 year supreme court tenure of the former chief justice. he talks with supreme court reporter and the biographer for justices o'connor and scalia, joan biskupic. >> host: welcome john jenkins. we are here to talk about your new book, "the partistan" the life of william rehnquist. i want to start with one general question to give our viewers a sense of who the chief justices and we william rehnquist was important. there've only been 17 chiefs, correct? tell us a little bit about the position. what's what's is the chief justice of the united states do in the importance of william rehnquist and then we will go into the chronology. yes go the chief has two roles in the judicial system. he is first the chief among equals on the court. he assigns the opinion when he was a majority and reach the discussion conference so he has a very poor girl to play among the nine justices. he is really the key guy there. particularl
bay, lisa patro, wqow tv o'claire and john quarter, news director waftvreinlander. we'll begin with one-minute opening statements. senator baldwin, your opening statement? >> thank for you this opportunity. over this last year i've traveled this great state meeting with people who are working hard, playing by the rules and trying to get ahead. unfortunately, for so many, it's been harder and harder just to get by. and what's changed hasn't been our work ethic, it's been the rules. you know, today in washington, big powerful entrusts the ones with a whole lot of money and best lobbyists get to write their own rules and there's too many politicians who are eager to help them. people feel that washington isn't listening to the struggles of middle class families, and that's why wisconsin needs a senator who will. i've spent my time in washington being a voice for the struggles of middle class families and standing up to powerful interests like wall street, big oil, and the big health insurance companies. my opponent spent his time in washington helping these same powerful interests
, president bush was leading democratic challenger john kerry by 11 percentage points just fryer to the first presidential debate. right after the debate, which just about everybody thought that kerry had won, president bush was leading by only two points. and you know, it really didn't change a whole lot until the end of the campaign. president bush won by three points. jenna: very interesting. we see senator kerry on the screen. a lot of things we talk about, larry, is turnout when it comes to this election and how important turnout really is going to be. do debates affect turnout? >> absolutely because the turnout battle is really a battle of enthusiasm in the two party bases and, you know the romney people have been pretty frank. paul ryan was very frank over the weekend in saying the ticket has had a tough couple weeks. when you have a tough couple weeks you're enthusiasm level can decline. a good performance in a presidential debate can gin party enthusiasm. that may happen on wednesday for either side. we'll have to see what transpires in the debate. jenna: we always have to wait to ac
some time on their hand. abc's john schifrin, you spoke with them as well. >> i did. >> reporter: on three, let's go refs. this nfl sunday men in stripes got the unusual superstar treatment from the fans. excited to se ed td to see thei referees back in action. >> the game's final play. >> reporter: in monday night's game, between packers and seahawks the jump ball appears to be grabbed by green bay. >> who do they give it to? touchdown. >> reporter: the replacement refs gave the call and the win to seattle. sparking national outrage and ridicu ridicule. the nfl received 70,000 phone complaints. even "saturday night live" couldn't resist. >> time of death 2:15. >> no, i am not dead. also it is 4. 30. . [ whistle ] >> one man who wasn't laughing, replacement referee mike peak. he was on the field working that game. >> to see the game fall apart at the end. really one of the thing that would make you want to go in the back room and cry a few tears. >> reporter: though he didn't make the call, the community college teacher from texas with 13 years of division i college revving exper
john kerry as romney went to the hoover dam. >> it's spectacular. >> reporter: both left the day's campaigning to their number twos and that turned into trouble for team obama. in charlotte, vice president joe biden was trying to argue romney would raise taxes on the middle class. when he implied president obama's policies already have hurt. >> how they can justify raising taxes on the middle class that's been buried the last four years. how in lord's name can they justify raising their taxes. >> reporter: biden later tried to dig out of that hole but republicans pounced. >> vice president biden just today said that the middle class over the last four years as been quote buried. we agree. we need to stop digging by electing mitt romney as the next president of the united states. >> reporter: the day's events were overshadowed by a video of senator obama reading off a prepared script. before a predominantly black audience he inplayed the federal government held back money after hurricane katrina based on race. he noticed hurricane andrew in florida the government's response was --
, this is "world news now." >>> it's all good this monday morning. i'm paula faris. >> i'm john muller. rob nelson has the morning off. and we'll have the latest as the candidates prepare to go head to head this week. but first a look at some of the stories we're following this half hour. >> lindsay lohan's latest. what would monday morning be without a brush with the law for lilo, only this time she says she's the victim of the crime and not the perch traitor. >> this is an interesting one. you're going to enjoy it. >>> plus, don't go in the water. there's a new threat at some of the nation's lakes, not as harmless as it might look. >> that was a foul story. i'll have to admit. don't want to go anywhere near the water. and can be deadly as well. >> what was up with that water. >>> in power and offline. how some well known and powerful people don't use e-mail. could you survive without e-mail? >> no. i can't imagine how you would do it. are they using snail mail and making phone calls? >> i could go without it. i would just text everybody. my e-mails are short and to the point anyway. >> i am all
-- is compounded by the 47%. remember john kerry? "before i voted against the $87 million, i voted against it." that played into the negative narrative of john kerry being a flip-flop. away47% tape that won't go plays into the stereote of romney as an aloof, detached, uncaring, and not able to show any empathy for people who are not in his social or economic bracket. >> from the politico piece, "rare is the moment where romney sings the praises of the working stiff, the which is pulling a double shift." mike huckabee told the jay leno, "romney reminds you of the guy who fired tear." -- fired you." >> romney is not going to be at the clinton who feels your pain. he is not a great politician. but one of the reasons there is the stereotypes - it did not come out of nowhere -- it came out of tens of millions of dollars of ads by the obama campaign about how he handled people at bain capital. the essence of this is the other series of ads, which say that he wants to reduce taxes on the rich. romney has protested that that is not true, that he wants to reduce the tax rates on the rich. but he is co
debates. no one should forget, john kerry had a good opening debate in 2004 and went on to lose the election and they're aware of that. and he's got to keep this image rolling with the public. >> paul: okay, much more ahead on this week's presidential debate. including mitt romney's takedown of obamacare, a topic he's largely avoided on the campaign trail. so, why the change of heart? tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 let's talk about that 401(k) you picked up back in the '80s. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 like a lot of things, the market has changed, tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 and your plans probably have too. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 at charles schwab, we'll give you personalized recommendations tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 on how to reinvest that old 401(k). tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 so talk to chuck tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 and bring your old 401(k) tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 into the 21st century. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 rollover your old 401(k) tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 to a schwab ira tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 and you can receive up to $600. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 see schwab.com tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 for terms and conditions. >> i just don
on the law until the election is over. our crime and justice correspondent joe johns has been following this one for us. so, joe, what happens? walk me through. come november 6th, if a voter doesn't have a photo i.d., then what? >> well, this is just pennsylvania, first of all, brooke. if you show up without an i.d., you will still be able to vote one way or the other. the question is about provisional ballots and whether those provisional ballots, if they're filled out, end up being counted in the state of pennsylvania. so a little bit complicated. but this is being seen as a victory for opponents of the law in pennsylvania, but only for this election. what the judge, judge robert simpson in pennsylvania said, is that for this election only he's blocking the voter i.d. law in pennsylvania, the reason he's doing that is because there is not enough time between now and november to get protections in place to assure that people won't lose their ability to vote. so the state's cutoff from implementing or enforcing the controversial parts of the i.d. law through november 6th, the general el
's lead in the nationwide polls is narrowing. meantime, romney has pulled even in florida. john harwood is in denver this morning and he will join us in just a few minutes with the other poll numbers and see just exactly how close it is. then we're going to try our own debates. at 6:30 eastern time, we have strategists from both sides of the aisle. democrat jimmy williams versus republican joe watkins. an hour later, former dnc chair and vermont governor howard dean is facing off against ed conard. irene rosenfeld, the ceo of mondolez international. the markets aren't to be forgotten. at 8:30 eastern time, we will be joined by jim grant. we're going to talk about the best investing strategies for the rest of the year with him. first, let's get you up to speed on this morning's headlines. over to andrew. >>> friday we'll get the government september jobs report. could be a game changer for the election. we'll get a hint of what may be to come. the employment report coming at 8:15 eastern time. poll forecasters say the economy likely added 155,000 private payroll jobs this month. we'll br
others. john allen muhammad and malvoy. one sentenced to life in prison and one executed. >>> casey worried she won't get a fair trial in florida. gonzalez is suing anthony. she claims she was harassed and threatened after anthony came up with a fictitious nanny named after her who she claimed kidnapped her daughter, caylee. when gonzalez's lawyer said the change of venue motion is only an attempt by anthony to delay the trial. a hearing on all of this set for later this month. >>> jimmy who have fa is definitely -- hoffa is definitely not under the driveway of this home. last week police acting on a tip took soil samples. the results came back today and there's no trace of human decomposition. he disappeared in 1975. the day he vanished he was supposed to meet with a new jersey timesters boss and a de- -teamsters boss and a detroit mafia captain. >>> a former penn state graduate student who testified he saw jerry sandusky showering with a boy in 2001 is suing penn state. mike mcqueary is seeking millions of dollars in damages. he claims his treatment by the university has caused hi
. and in total ten people were killed, three other victims critically injured before police finally arrested john allen mohammad and lee boyd malvo. mohammad was executed three years ago in 2009 but malvo is still serving a life sentence without the possibility of parole. just ahead of this ten-year anniversary, he gave an interview to the "washington post" describing why he did what he did and how he felt about it ten years later. excerpts from that interview coming up at 6:30. >> thanks, kristin live at leisure world shopping center in silver spring, maryland. >>> we have information on the people who died over those weeks and the ones that were injured as well. learn more about their lives. you can find the story right on our front page at wusa9.com. >>> new at 6:00 a.m., a hike coming to your electric bill but it's not the power companies who want it. it's the governor of maryland. "the washington post" reports today governor martin o'malley will ask state regulators today to allow electric companies to charge customers in advance for system upgrades. the governor tells the post it will cost
to you. welcome to "early start." we're happy you're with us, i'm zoraida sambolin. >> and i'm john berman. it's 5:00 a.m. in the east. >>> it's good to be mitt right now. romney is hitting the battlegrounds and hammering away at the president. >> here's the kicker. remember that hidden camera video of romney's controversial 47% remark? >> 47% of the people who will vote for the president no matter what. 47% are with him, who are dependent upon government, who believe they are victims, who believe the government has a responsibility to provide for them, belief they're entitled to health care, food, housing, you name it. they will vote for this president no matter what. >> remember that. and remember romney's explanation after the video was released. >> well, you know, it's not elegantly stated. let me put it that way. i'm speaking off the cuff in response to a question. it's a message i'll carry and continue to carry, which is, look, the president's approach is tractive to people who are not paying taxes. because frankly, my discussion about lowering taxes isn't as attractive to the
chief washington correspondent john harwood has made the trip to denver. what are you watching first tonight? >> what i'm watching for is how mitt romney takes advantage of this huge opportunity that he's got with tens of millions of americans watching these two side by side. he's behind in the polls, but not by an overwhelming margin. three points in our nbc/wall street journal poll. i talked to devine who was the campaign strategist for al gore. when gore lost the election, in the debates he said here's what's mitt romney's got to do. he's got to figure a line of attack that at the same time makes president obama looks bad, makes him look good, and press that through the entire 90 minutes. it's an economy debate. that is supposed to be mitt romney's wheel house. we'll see if he can pull that off in the right tone against a popular president. it's hard. there's always risk when you attack the president. mitt romney doesn't have much choice but to try to do it. we'll see where the help of jim lehrer, the moderator, exactly how he uses this moment. >> talk to you in a moment. whenever
, with support from the partridge foundation, a john and polly guth charitable fund. the clements foundation. park foundation, dedicated to heightening public awareness of critical issues. the herb alpert foundation, supporting organizations whose mission is to promote compassion and creativity in our society. the bernard and audre rapoport foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, committed to building a more just, verdant, and peaceful world. more information at macfound.org." anne gumowitz. the betsy and jesse fink foundation. the hkh foundation. barbara g. fleischman. and by our sole corporate sponsor, mutual of america, designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we're your retirement company. >>> welcome, to a story that's been unfolding for nearly 40 years, but has gone largely untold. that's the way the central characters wanted it. they were smart and understood something very important, that they might more easily get what they wanted from state capitals than from washington, dc. so they started putting their money in places like r
is really remarkable is how little they changed things. they have little impact. in 2004 everybody said john kerry got the best of those. >> he was up after the first one. >> no, he was not. i've got the data right here. the only debate where there was any movement beyond two or three points from the start of the debates till the end was 1976. jerry ford moved ten points, and he made one of the great faux p pases in any debate. it doesn't have the effect that people think that it has. i think there are five things that make a difference. conventions matter a lot. the predicate, where you are in the summer beforehand, the kind of campaign you run and the kind of paid media you have. i think debates are probably fifth. >> boy, mike barnicle, i disagree with it. mark mckinnon disagrees with that. do you think debates don't have an impact, or do you think tonight actually could if mitt romney comes out -- >> i think it will have some impact. >> some impact, but i actually think that's really when the american people, for the first time, see the two candidates and really start to make their minds
. >>> other stories making news, believe it or not besides the debate, john berman has that with us. >> american airlines is going to inspect 47 of its boeing 757s after seats came loose in flight on two of its planes within days of each other. they checked 36 planes so far. six had seats not properly secured. american says not all of the seats were loose but they potentially could loosen. they say improperly installed clamps caused the problem. >>> twice on tuesday vice president joe biden's plane had to abort original landing plans. last night air force 2 couldn't land at andrews air base because of fog. yesterday they had to abort plans because of thunderstorms. >>> there are 14 victims in all, 13 of them in tennessee, and one in an undisclosed state. the disease is not contagious but investigators are trying to figure out what happened, as you can imagine. >>> former penn state football coach mike mcqueary filed a whistle-blower suit against the university saying he was the only one not invited to interview under o'brien. mcqueary was a key prosecution witness in the sandusky ca
had senator john mccain about what you need to present to people during debate. we know yesterday you talked about this, which mitt romney will show up tonight? ab is talking about keeping the conservative base fired up or perhaps trying to go after the other people he would need to win here. let me play what bob said on "morning joe." >> i remember in the 1990s once asking john mccain is it possible and he asked -- actually asked the question is it possible to run for president and be true to yourself? he ran for president. a lot of people would say he wasn't true to himself. i asked him a couple of months ago, what's the answer to that question? and he said, i don't know. >> what do you make of that, eugene? even senator john mccain. we saw this. the guy was supposed to be the maverick. he was consumed by the sarah palin hurricane or whatever you choose to describe that event as being what we witnessed. but he did not know or does not know. >> well, this is quite a process isn't it, tamron? >> mm-hmm. >> the environment is such that every -- every step you take, every move you make,
. this is a widely debated thing in 1980 with john anderson, gary johnson. >> sure, but ross perot made a difference. >> sure. >> they think that perot widely lost. >> we don't have a third party candidate anywhere near the name recognition or the popularity of ross perot or john anderson. i just don't see that happening. in fact, i see that it's almost a nonfactor, so i'm not worried about it. >> let me ask you about the new economic figures that came out. unemployment dipped below 8%. something i'm sure republicans celebrate as well. does it not undercut what has been the central theme of the republican campaign which was that he has made the economy worse because we are right down looking at an unemployment rate after a really horrible year which you can't mram president obama for in totality his first year that he inherited this big mess. now it's down to 7.8%. doesn't that show that he is on the right trajectory and kind of undermining the central argument for you? >> oh, i don't think so. you know, it's like this, candy. if you are getting blown out in a football game but you are scoring field
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 172 (some duplicates have been removed)

Terms of Use (10 Mar 2001)